Types of Sinus
There exists a range of sinus diseases and they depend on the allergens that trigger them and area of the body they usually attack. Different types of sinus diseases have different symptoms and treatment methods.
The maxillary sinus is found in the region beneath the cheeks, above the teeth and either sides of the nose. Maxillary sinus disease is triggered by various factors, of which a few of the causes are allergens that thicken the mucous in the lungs and digestive tracts, nasal polyps that causes tissues lining up the nose to be inflamed, tumors which are a common physical disorder of the nose and traumas that are caused by an injury on the face or upper jaw.
Symptoms and Treatment of Maxillary Sinus
The presence of maxillary sinus is confirmed by observing symptoms such as fever, facial pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, toothache and swelling of the cheekbone.
The treatment suggested for curing maxillary sinus is a surgery that is done to rectify anatomical nasal defects.
Paranasal sinus disease
The human face contains a set of cells lined up behind the nose and cheek walls. These cells are the main reason behind the distinct voice tones of different people, production of mucous and also act as a protection against climate changes and minor injuries to the face. The paranasal sinus disease is said to occur when these cells become inflamed due to certain allergens or viral infections that leads to fever, headache, facial pain and toothache.
Anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-allergic medications, as advised by a doctor, usually help in preventing paranasal sinus disease. During extreme conditions of this disease, a surgery may also be suggested by a doctor.
Mastoid sinus disease
The mastoid sinus disease or commonly known as Mastoiditis is a type of inflammation caused in the middle ear of a person. The infected ear cells contain particular fluids that support the growth of bacteria in those areas.
A person affected with this infection suffers from ear pains, discharges from the ear, swelling of the area behind the ear, fever and other common symptoms like headache and irritations in the ear. Mastoiditis is usually found among children and can damage the eardrums that may eventually affect the hearing ability of a person.
Treatment for Mastoiditis
The most common treatment employed against mastoiditis is using antibiotics. This approach usually requires a long-term medication course but has proved to be effective against even the chronic conditions of mastoiditis. In cases where antibiotics fail to perform, a surgery known as mastoidectomy is done where the infected area is removed and cleaned. Fluid draining during surgery also relieves pressure on the infected areas of the ear.
Sinusitis in other parts of the body
Pilonidal sinus disease is the term given to an infection that occurs under the skin between the buttocks especially among the males. The pilonidal sinus is caused due to various reasons and they could be hereditary. The main cause of pilonidal sinus is because the hair on the cleft grows into the skin rather than growing outwards. This causes the hair to stick into the skin causing inflammations around the area.
At first a painless lump forms in the area which then eventually leads to acute or chronic conditions of this infection. There are two basic conditions of Pilonidal Sinus and they are:
- The acute condition that causes increasing pain and swelling on the affected part for several days
- The chronic condition which less painful compared to the acute condition as the lump releases pus from the affected area which causes it to reduce the pain.
The best way to prevent the infection from occurring is to keep the area clear of hair by shaving etc. and by maintaining hygiene. Also:
- For acute conditions, painkillers might be helpful and there might be need to puncture the lump which is usually done at a hospital.
- Chronic conditions may require an operation depending on the symptoms and the condition of the lump formed.
Sinus node disease
A sinus node is that part of the heart that generates electrical impulses to propagate a rhythmic heartbeat. Sinus node disease causes disorder in the heart beat rhythm such as a missed heartbeat, nonrhythmic beating, paused heartbeat etc. The reasons leading to this condition could be due to parasitic infections, an improper functioning of the heart muscle or an artery related disease.
Symptoms and Treatment of Sinus node disease
Symptoms like dizziness, increased or a throbbing heartbeat, anxiety and fainting show up in the event of a sinus node disease.
Artificial pacemakers, that mimic the electrical impulses, is one among the best solutions that can be used on a person to generate regulated and rhythmic heartbeats.